Connecticut`s Fundamental Orders: 1639—This document serves as the first written constitution in America. The document describes in detail the organization of representative government. This document also reflected the belief in democratic principles. English Bill of Rights: 1689—This document further limited the power of the monarch. It also guaranteed free elections to Parliament (the legislature of England), the right to a fair trial and the elimination of cruel and unusual punishment. John became King of England after the death of his brother, King Richard the Lionheart, King Richard the Lionheart, in 1199. King John`s reign was marked by failures. He lost the Duchy of Normandy to the French king and heavily taxed the English nobility to pay for his foreign misadventures. He quarreled with Pope Innocent III and sold church offices to build the exhausted royal chests. .
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