Load Reduction Agreements

The above AAEs must be distinguished from electricity purchase contracts in a deregulated electricity market, which are generally contracts to purchase electricity from a private generator where the plant already exists or when the plant is built at the initiative of the private generator. For examples of this type of PPP, click on the following links: Edison Electric Institute Master Power Purchase – Sale Agreement (PDF) (4/25/2000) and Tri-State PPA. For each valuable pollutant to be included in the agreement, the licensee indicates an “agreed” charge below the current “effective” load (in kilograms per year). During the duration of an LRA, the underwriter declares the agreed charge on the annual performance of the licence and the royalties are calculated as if the agreed charge had been met, resulting in immediate royalty reductions. Long-term project of an electricity supply contract (AAE) of the Electricity Regulatory Commission (CERC) (for projects for which location and fuel are indicated) (pdf) – Draft electricity supply contract developed by CERC for the Indian PPI market – for long-term agreements (more than 7 years) for the construction of power plants in which the site is not indicated. A link is the draft request for submissions – for the ppA project, you go to page 70. For a more detailed analysis of AAE issues of this type, see ifC`s guide to electricity purchase contracts (1996) – see Appendix 2 (page 160) of the World Bank concession toolkit (pdf). During the revision of the sulphur protocol of the Un United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (EEC) Long-Distance Cross-Border Air Pollution Convention (LRTAP), critical charges were used. Critical pressures, i.e.

maximum permitted deposits, which do not increase the likelihood of damage to soil and surface water, have been calculated and mapped for Europe using the equilibrium method using national data and, if national data were not available, using a European database. The results show that low-critical areas are mainly in Central and Northern Europe. Reducing the excess sulphur deposits (S) through critical charges was the starting point for the negotiations that culminated in the Oslo Protocol on further reduction of sulphur emissions (second sulphur protocol). In 2000, 2005 and 2010, the new protocol protects about 81%, 86% and 90% of the area of ecosystems. In addition, the entire European surface, where sulphur deposition has increased critical loads by more than 500 million euros. 1 year, from about 19% in 1980 to virtually zero in 2010.

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