Ceasefire Agreement Korean War

Mao Zedong writes to Stalin about The Chinese position in favour of a ceasefire in the Korean War, which the Chinese side will propose at an upcoming meeting with UN negotiators. Mao asked Stalin for his opinion on the Chinese position. Article IV (paragraph 60) of the ceasefire agreement calls for a political conference to be held within three months of the signing of the agreement to “ensure the peaceful settlement of the Korean issue.” [2] In April 1954, a conference was held in Geneva, during which the three-month period was missed by six months. The conference focused on two separate conflicts: the conflict in Korea; and the conflict in Indochina. The United States, the USSR, France, China, North Korea and South Korea participated in discussions on the Korean conflict. The Korean Peninsula peace agreement was officially discussed at the conference by Chinese diplomat Zhou Enlai with U.S. Secretary of Defense John Foster Dulles, but no progress has been made. [3] The United States deliberately avoided discussing the “Korean Peninsula Peace Treaty,” despite criticism from other representatives at the conference on the negative attitude of the United States. The agreement also called for the establishment of the Military Ceasefire Commission (MAC) and other agencies to ensure the ceasefire. On July 19, 1953, delegates reached agreement on all members of the agenda.

[30] July 27, 1953 at 10 a.m.m. The ceasefire was signed by Nam IL, delegate of the KPA and the VPA, and William K. Harrison Jr., UNC delegate. [2] Twelve hours after the signing of the document, all the rules approved by the ceasefire began. [31] The agreement provided for oversight by an international commission. The Neutral Nations Monitoring Commission (NNSC) was set up to prevent reinforcements from being brought to Korea, either additional military personnel or new weapons, and inspection teams of NNSC members from Czechoslovakia, Poland, Sweden and Switzerland are deployed throughout Korea. [13] On July 19, 1953, delegates agreed on all armistice issues. [17] On July 27, 1953 at 10:.m. the armistice was signed by Nam Il, delegate of the Korean People`s Army and Chinese People`s Volunteers, and William K. Harrison Jr., UNC delegate.

[2] Twelve hours after the signing of the document, all the regulations adopted came into force. [18] The decision on prisoners of war was also discussed during the negotiations. The Communists held 10,000 prisoners of war and UNC 150,000 prisoners of war. [3] The Voluntary People`s Army (VPA), the Korean People`s Army (AAE) and UNC failed to agree on a return system, with many VPA and AAE soldiers refusing to be repatriated to the North, which was unacceptable to the Chinese and North Koreans. [15] In the final ceasefire agreement, a return commission for neutral nations was established to deal with the issue. [16] The agreement provided for oversight by an international commission. The Neutral Nations Monitoring Commission (NNSC) was set up to prevent reinforcements from arriving in Korea, either additional military personnel or new weapons, and its inspection teams in Czechoslovakia, Poland, Sweden and Switzerland were operating against Korea. Within sixty (60) days of the entry into force of this Agreement, each party, without offering any obstacle, will repatriate directly and in groups all prisoners of war who consist of being sent back to the page they were at the time of their capture. [2] In addition to the above rules, the ceasefire also recommended to the “governments of the countries concerned of both parties” that a political conference be held at a higher level of both parties within three (3) months of the signing of the ceasefire agreement by designated representatives to resolve issues relating to the withdrawal of all foreign forces from Korea through negotiations. , the peaceful resolution of the Korean question, etc.” [2] Even in 2013, 60 years after the signing of the ceasefire agreement, these issues are not resolved, because a peaceful solution to the Korean issue is not resolved and Us troops live

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